Dentistry is basically described as a branch of medicine concerned with the maintenance of the health of the teeth (and the mouth in general), although dentists also help with some facial and maxilla problems, the maxilla being the bones that form the jaws, which makes them part of the mouth by extension.

As with all major branches of medicine, there are some specializations in dentistry, practiced by the various dental specialists. It typically takes a further period of study and practical training (after basic dentistry training) for a dentist to graduate into a dentist specialist in any one of the specialties in the field.

Categorized according to their specialties, the major dental specialists include endodontic specialists, dental pubic health specialists, pediatric dentistry specialists, orthodontic specialists, maxillofacial specialists, periodontic specialists and prosthodontic specialists. Let's examine a few of these at some length.

As the name suggests, pediatric dental specialists specialize in dental and general oral health issues afflicting young children; which makes a rather difficult specialization keeping in mind the size of children's dental features and children's averseness to pain. Technical difficulties aside, pediatric dentistry is one of the most rewarding specializations in dentistry, as few things can be more satisfying to a person with a real medical vocation than the restoration of a smile to the face of a child who was previously in pain.

Turning to maxillofacial specialists, these turn out to be the ones concerned with complications arising from the spread of dental infections to the jawbones (which unfortunately tend to be very very often as people take dental illnesses very casually), as well as the treatment of genetic deformities in the maxilla (that is, those people who are born with) and which often put them at a great social disadvantage by deforming their looks.

Endodontic dental specialists deal with diseases affecting the dental pulp (the sort of diseases that are typically treated with the much dreaded root canal procedure). This is one of the commonest dental specialties, because by nature of their specialty, endodontic dental specialists are always in 'great demand.'

Periodontic specialists have specialized knowledge about the structures that support the teeth (the gums and so on), and although relatively few and far apart, the services of periodontal dental specialists are much widely seen after, because the conditions they treat can be highly disturbing to the people who happen to suffer them.

Prosthodontic specialists, on the … More

There are three (not serious) main questions, when you understand that you need a dental implant procedure:

1. How much dental implant cost?
2. What are main dental implant prices?
3. Can I get free dental implant? Actually, dentures implant procedure is one of the most expensive things you can do at politicians office.

In the past, dentists would try to keep or replace teeth with treatments such as root canals, bridges, and fixed or removable dentures. Unfortunately, a significant number of root canal treated teeth fail, bridges require that healthy adjunct teeth be cut down and removable dentures can often be unstable and require the use of sticky adhesives. Dental implants are a solution to these problems, and many of the concerns associated with natural teeth are eliminated, including dental decay.

A Single-Tooth Implant

Single-tooth implants can be used in people who are missing one or more teeth. An tooth implant is surgically placed in an opening that is made by your dentist in the jawbone. After the implant integrates (attaches) to your bone, it acts as a new "root" for the crown that will be replacing your missing tooth. A crown, which is made to look like a natural tooth, is attached to the implant and fills the space left in the mouth by the missing tooth.

For this procedure to work, there must be enough bone in the jaw, and the bone has to be strong enough to hold and support the tooth implant. If there is not enough bone, be may need to be added with a procedure called bone augmentation. In addition, natural teeth and supporting tissues near where the implant will be placed must be in good health.

There are plenty of reasons to replace a missing tooth. A gap between your teeth, if obvious when you smile or speak, is a cosmetic concern.

Depending on their location, some missing teeth may affect your speech. A missing molar might not be noticeable when you talk or smile, but its absence can affect chewing.

When a tooth is missing, the biting force on the remaining teeth begins to change. As the bite changes to compensate for the lost tooth, there is a risk of extra pressure on and discomfort in the jaw joints. If a missing tooth is not replaced, the surrounding teeth can shift. Harmful plaque and tartar can collect in new hard-to-reach places … More

For patients who have missed teeth and for which this is a problem, whether aesthetically or in terms of ability to eat normally, treatment using dental implants is highly effective at both restoring confidence and improving wellbeing and ability to eat properly. The type of implant which is best suited to the patient and their individual needs.

Patients with only one missing tooth are sufficient enough to be able to use the simplest type of implant: a crown. A crown is fitted with only one dental implant, meaning that it is quicker and less invasive or painful than other types of dental implants. The crown is held in place by one single implant.

Bridges are more complex than a single crown. They are the dental implants of choice when there are three or more missing teeth. Whereas each crown requires its own implant, a bridge allows two implants to hold in crowns while an additional crown in between them 'bridges' them together. Where a significant amount of teeth are missing it is possible to design a bridge in such a way that one entire arch of bridgework can be held in with just four implants.

In several cases of tooth loss, when most of the teeth are missing, the gum and bone recedes as it is no longer needed to hold teeth in place. This makes it more difficult to use dental implants since there is less chance of the implant fusing properly with the bone. In these cases, dentures can be made. They include a section of prosthetic gum made from acrylic or ceramic and they can be removed by the patient for cleaning.



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You will be surprised when you find out that there are also a lot of adults with crooked and misaligned teeth. They reason out that they were unable to have them corrected during their younger years. These individuals were led to the belief that braces are only for kids and when you miss the chance to have them corrected; solving the problem is not anymore possible in adulthood.

In reality, because of the current advances in technology, orthodontic treatment is already available for adults. If there are dental braces for kids and teenagers, adult braces are already available for them. Getting the proper braces will definitely help in restoring the proper alignment of the teeth and restore its straight line structure. Medical technology has progressed in recent times and orthodontic procedures are now one of them.

Your dentist or orthodontist can read use different types of braces to correct any of your dental irregularities no matter what your age range. Nowadays, a lot of success stories have been heard from adult patients whose dental problems have been rectified with the use of braces for adults. The problems or irregularities they have experienced like overcrowded teeth, protruding teeth, crooked teeth, jaw position problems, bite problems, and bite anomalies can now be easily treated. Bite abnormalities like overbites and under bites which were once difficult to control can now be easily resolved.

If the dental irregularities will remain untreated even in adulthood, dental complications may arise. You would not want to deal with the dental discomfort that adulthood may bring. This is due to dental complications will be difficult to treat in adulthood since oral features have already matured. Here, complications arising will now occur at a certain stage and will be coupled with excruciating pain. In addition, the experienced pain will be accompanied by body complications such as gum diseases, ear pain, headaches, cavities, and speech and chewing problems.

Braces for adults are made of the same materials as the braces for kids and teens. Typically, the traditional braces or the metal braces are the ones preferred by many because these dental braces are already proven and tested. The traditional braces involve the process of attaching metal brackets to the teeth to help straighten their alignment. Typically, these dental braces are adjusted periodically so that pressure can be applied to the teeth to move them to the correct position.

No matter … More

You may be contemplating under dental implant treatment and need to know, "are dental implants safe"? Even though the treatment has been shown to be highly predictable with success rates in the region of 95%, the question are dental implants safe can be looked into in more detail. What materials are implants made from and how do they have in our mouths after being implanted into the jaw bone?

Most implants used in dentistry today are made of commercially pure titanium or titanium alloys. Zirconia variants do exist however their use in dentistry is less common.
Why are dental implants used?

Dental implants are used to replace missing or damaged natural teeth. The implant replaces a natural tooth root and is able to help support, crowns, bridges or stabilizeise removable dentures. The benefit of having dental implants is that once completed, the new teeth feel and look just like natural teeth. The actual surgery can be carried out under local anesthesia or IV sedation (for anxious patients). The implant is then left in the jawbone for about 4-6 months while healing takes place. This fusion between the bone tissue and the titanium is known as osseo-integration. The new teeth are custom designed and shaded to aesthetically suit each patient's requests and dental needs.

Unlike crowns and bridges dental implants do not damage adjunct teeth during preparation of fixed bridgework. Dental implants also prevent further bone loss which happens after losing natural teeth. If properly maintained implants can last up to 15-20 years. It was initially thought that bone would shrink about 0.5mm-1mm around implants per year however newer designs are kinder to surrounding bone and are showing very little bone loss at all.

What about allergies to metals? Are dental implants safe?

Titanium is the most commonly used material. Although other metals have the potential to corrode and release harmful ions which could indicate allergic reactions, titanium is known for its exceptional resistance to corrosion and high biocompatibility in the mouth. In studies carried out on orthopedic titanium implants symptoms from titanium allergies led to skin rashes and even implant failure. The incidence of allergic reactions to titanium has not been well documented and is extremely rare. According to the MELISA foundation , titanium allergy is barely recognized in mainstream medicine – yet laboratories using the MELISA┬« technology have reported that about 4% of all patients tested will be allergic … More

The terminology “dental veneers” refers to a thin ceramic shell or layer that is placed over the surface of a tooth. They are made from restorative materials that are used for aesthetic purposes as well as protecting the surface area of a damaged tooth. They are basically used to help an individual have better looking teeth and a nicer smile, hence the fact that they are used by many cosmetic dentists. Additionally, the process of applying dental veneers is not as complex as the process of getting crowns but more complex than bonding.

Veneers are most commonly used to restore damaged, discolored, fractured, or gaped teeth. The material is usually about a millimeter in thickness and is typically placed on the surface of a tooth that is still healthy and intact. Unlike the application of a crown, a tooth does not have to be filed down or shaped in any way to apply dental veneers. They can be used to lengthen teeth or widen them while being available in about 25 different shades. As they are a protective layer, veneers can reduce the sensitivity to cold, heat, and sweets.

Different types of dental veneers

There are basically 4 different types of dental veneers that are being used by cosmetic dentists today. These include:

Composite veneers – these can usually be fitted in only one trip to the dentist. They have been polished and are smoothed in order to look like normal teeth but are not as strong as porcelain veneers. These are prone to fracturing when eating crunchy or hard foods but they can be easily repaired.

Palatal veneers – these are dental veneers that are usually constructed out of gold, but they can also be manufactured out of composite materials or porcelain. These veneers are used on the palate side (inside) of a person’s upper teeth specifically for the management and treatment of tooth wear.

Porcelain veneers – thin ceramic shells that get bonded on the front side of one’s teeth. Dental veneers have no metal in the material they are made from unlike the typical dental crown. It usually takes to visits to the dentist to have porcelain dental veneers completed. The dentist will take an impression of your teeth and apply a temporary veneer made from plastic on your first visit. The temporary veneers are removed and replaced with your permanent veneers on the second visit.

Non-permanent … More

It can be difficult to put on a confident smile if your teeth are stained or yellowing from age. There are many companies who realize this problem and have created several different methods you can use to whiten your teeth easily and effectively. If you ask your dentist how to get whiter teeth, they will often offer their professional whitening, but this can be expensive.

When you are looking for how to get whiter teeth, you will find various methods such as whitening strips. Strips like this work well for some people, but they can be a pain to use. These strips are often finicky to apply and slip around or fall off instead of staying in place.

Trays are another popular method of whitening. These can be used by placing a whitening agent into the trays and then placing them in your mouth. They work well normally but can be quite messy to deal with. The trains sometimes have to be left on a really long time to be effective, and it can be difficult to talk or do anything with your mouth while you are wearing them.

AltaWhite uses a different type of method because they actually use swabs instead of trays or strips. The swabs are snapped at one end so that the liquid goes to the other end. You then dip it into a whitening powder and apply it to all of the areas you want whitening. It often works in as little as six days.

Consult with a dentist before you find out how to get whiter teeth because it might not be safe for you. Certain dental procedures can greatly affect the results, so keep this in mind.



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Years ago a trip to the dentist was a seldom occurrence and most dentists worked on repairing problems with peoples teeth rather than preventing them. There were no guidelines for how often one should visit the dentist and information on proper oral care was also hard to come by. Today however, health organizations have made a strong effort to educate the public about oral health and how important it is to keep on top of your dental care. It is strongly recommended that you visit the dentist at least twice a year for checks and cleaning and this has remained an accepted standard for a while now.

Even if you take good care of your teeth and gums you still need to visit regularly. Your dentist checks for early signs of problems that can later be devastating if not deal with properly. Things like cavities, gum disease and oral cancer can not always be seen or felt immediately until they are at an advanced stage. That is why it is important to regularly receive check-ups to maintain oral health so problems can be treated at a manageable stage. Visiting the dentist twice a year works well for most people and some people can manage less frequent visits because they have less risk of cavities or gum disease. However there are certain groups of high risk people who need to ensure they have regular attention to avoid problems. These groups include those who smoke cigarettes, diabetics, and people with current gum disease, people with weak immune response to bacterial infection and people who tend to get cavities or build ups of plaque.

During your lifetime you might find you need to visit the dentist more regularly due to stress or illness and other times less so because you may be more resilient to cavities or gum disease, your dentist will advise on the best schedule for visits. To ensure that you keep good oral health it is vitally important to take care of a few oral basics. Brushing at least twice a day and especially before sleeping is imperative. Having a routine three minutes of brushing ensures your teeth are thoroughly cleaned. Choosing a toothbrush with soft round bristles will avoid injuring you gums and wearing down the hard layer of your teeth. You should also change your tooth brush every three months because worn out bristles can also injure your … More

There are numerous ingredients included in common toothpastes. Some have a direct effect on your teeth. Other ingredients may not be as important, but serve a useful role nonetheless. Here is a list of all types of ingredients you may encounter while searching for the toothpaste that is best for your mouth:

CAVITY PROTECTION:

Fluoride provides protection against potential cavities. Examples include sodium monofluorophosphate, sodium fluoride, and stannous fluoride.

ANTIMICROBIAL (Anti-plaque and gingivitis):

Antimicrobial agents kill bacteria or inhibit their actions. Examples include triclosan and fluoride.

TARTAR CONTROL:

Plaque can absorb minerals in your saliva and turns into a hard tartar. This calculation process can be prevented. Tartar controlling agents include zinc citrate and zinc chloride.

STAIN REMOVAL:

Abrasive agents help remove tough stains. Examples include silicas, calcium carbonate, calcium pyro-phosphate, and alumina trihydrate.

DESENSITIZER:

Hypersensitivity plagues most everyone at one point or another. It can be treated with chemicals such as potassium nitrate which acts on nerve endings to inhibit pain signals. The other commonly used chemical, strontium chloride, acts to block the tiny tubules that house your tooth's nerve endings.

HUMECTANTS (Moisteners):

Without humectants toothpaste would dry out quickly. Often these materials also help add sweetness and carry the therapeutic agents. Examples include sorbitol, glycerin, and polyethylene glycol.

FOAMING AGENT:

Foaming agents serve to make your brushing experience more refreshing and leave you with a clean feeling in your mouth. Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) is commonly used in this way and also serves to alter the acid / base balance in your favor.

COLOR:

Toothpastes are given their appearance in many different ways. For example, titanium dioxide provides an opaque appearance, vegetable dyes add color, and titantated mica is used for sparkle. Without these, toothpaste can look pretty ugly (as you may not noticed with natural toothpastes, but these ingredients are by no means necessary.

FLAVOR:

It's difficult to brush your teeth if the toothpaste tastes awful. Xylitol (also useful in preventing cavities) and other sugar substitutes, cinnamon, and spearmint and peppermint oils are commonly added to mask any bitter ingredients. Many natural toothpastes will also use fruit extracts.

THICKENER:

Thickening ingredients help hold the other ingredients in place and prevent them separating. Carrageenan, xantham gum, carboxy-vinyl polymer, and hydroxyethyl cellulose are just a few examples.

DISPERSANT:

Dispersants or detergents help the active ingredients spread through the mouth more easily which assists in any cleansing activity. Sodium lauryl … More

Teeth whitening is a common procedure in the dental field today; this is sparked by the increasing need for people to look their best. While the procedure is definitely meant to give you that million-dollar smile that makes you feel like a Hollywood star, it's also true that teeth whitening is not for everyone. As such, before you decide to go for the procedure, ensure that you consult your dentist to determine whether you are a qualified candidate for the procedure. Proper assessment is the only way to rule out any permanent side effects that may occur.

Dental assessment

Whitening should only be done on a healthy set of teeth with healthy gums, which is why a thorough assessment is necessary. During the assessment, your dentist should check for things such as enamel thickness, sensitivity, receding gum, tooth decay and existing restorations including fillings, crowns and veneers. Note that teeth whitening only works on natural teeth and has no effect on caps, crowns, dentures and veneers. This means that you should choose to go for teeth whitening anyway, your natural teeth would become whiter but may not match the color of the caps and crowns.

Oral health

Oral diseases and conditions could also disqualify as a suitable candidate for teeth whitening. This is because they increase your susceptibility to the possible side effects associated with the procedure, including damaged or inflated gums, blistering and severe tooth sensitivity. Your dentist should also assess the cause of the discoloration to determine whether it's only on the surface or inside the teeth. Once the assessment is done, he or she would be able to determine whether teeth whitening would work for you as well as recommend the most suitable treatment for you.

Recommendations

Teeth whitening is generally not recommended for people under the age of 16. During this stage, a person's dental nerves are enlarged and the procedure could irritate them and result in hyper-sensitivity. Severe pain might be experienced and the future health of the person's teeth would be compromised. Pregnant women are also advised against teeth whitening since the active ingredients contained in the bleaching products may be absorbed in the mother's body and harm the unborn child. In fact, the procedure should be completely avoided until the baby is born and weaning is complete.

Trained professional

When whitening is done by untrained individuals, this could easily result in serious side … More