Dental

How are Tooth Cavities Caused?

Eating right can help prevent the two most common dental problems that people typically struggle with: Cavities and gum disease. Tooth decay (that eventually leads to cavities) is caused by accumulation of bacteria in the mouth. This bacteria comes from the food you eat and acts on the sugars contained in food (this is why sugary foods are not good for teeth).

The acid produced slowly eats away at your tooth enamel and then the internal part of the tooth called the dentine. Finally, over a time, the tooth gets ‘eaten away’ by acid and chips off, leaving behind a hole or cavity. Cavities are often hotbeds for bacterial infection and can lead to severe tooth ache.

Moreover, bacteria from the mouth may enter your body through the saliva or the bloodstream leading to other health problems.

What is the Relationship between Food and Dental Health?

A balanced diet gives the body the right amount of nutrients. Nutrients help the body revitalize its immune system and this in turn boosts resistance to dental diseases.

Calcium helps build teeth and the jaw. A person who eats a diet poor in calcium is more likely to develop dental problems. To help the body absorb the calcium, the diet should contain adequate amounts of vitamin D. Lack of vitamin D in the diet can lead to dry mouth, burning sensations and a bitter taste in the mouth.

Iron is also necessary for nourishment of blood vessels in the mouth. Deficiency in iron may lead to ulcerated sores and inflammation of the tongue. Vitamin C also helps in absorption of iron.

Adequate amounts of Vitamin B2, B12 (riboflavin)and B3 (niacin) can prevent bad breath and ulcers. So your diet should ideally contain all these nutrients. eating the right foods can stave off dental problems and reverse tooth decay.

Which Foods are Good for Dental Health?

The following foods are good for improving dental health:

  • Milk, yoghurt, cheese, oysters, beans – These contain calcium and phosphates that help re-mineralize teeth and also strengthen gums
  • Nuts, bran, red meat, liver – These foods contain high levels of iron
  • Pasta, spinach, chicken, fish, almonds – These are concentrated sources of vitamin B2, B12 and B3
  • Pears, sweet potatoes, red peppers, Kiwi fruit and oranges are great sources of vitamin C
  • Celery stimulates the salivary glands leading to production of saliva. Saliva dilutes
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Cavities are holes in teeth due to tooth decay. They are also known as caries. Two major contributors to tooth decay are bacteria and a diet high in sugar and starch.There are over five hundred different types of bacteria that are always present in the mouth.

The bacteria mixes with food and saliva to make a sticky substance called plaque, which fastens to teeth. Foods high in starch add to the stickiness of the plaque, which starts to get hard if it remains on the teeth after 1 or 2 days and turns into tartar or calculus deposits. Bacteria in the plaque turn sugar to acid, which dissolves the tooth structure causing holes or cavities. Due to these factors, dental caries have been described as a "dietobacterial" disease. The parts of teeth that are most vulnerable to tooth decay are where plaque can collect most easily. Plaque settles into the pits and fissures in the tops of teeth, into the areas in between the teeth, and next to the gum line. Where there's plaque, there are bacteria and acid, and sometimes damage of the tooth surface.

The cavity starts in the surface layer of the tooth (enamel) and as it gets deeper, penetrates into the softer inner layer of the tooth (dentin.) In general it's not until the decease reaches the dentin that you will start to notice signs of the cavity. To understand how a cavity works, we really need to have a better understanding of the anatomy of the tooth. A tooth is composed of a couple layers. The outer layer (above the gum-line) is known as the enamel. Enamel is the strongest and most mineralized substance in the body. Beneath the gum-line, a substance called cementum covers the tooth roots. Under the enamel and cementum is the dentin. The dentin is about as hard as bone, and, unlike the enamel, dentin contains nerve endings. Beneath the dentin is the dental pulp. The pulp is a vascular tissue, composed of capillaries, larger blood vessels, connective tissue, nerve fibers, and cells including odontoblasts, fibroblasts, macrophages, and lymphocytes. The pulp is needed to nourish the tooth during its growth and development. After a tooth is fully mature, the only function of the pulp is to let us know if it is damaged or infected by transmitting pain.

There are very few things that people do every day. Into this small … More

Dental implants are a type of permanent artificial tooth. They are ideal for filling in gaps created by tooth extraction or loss such as from tooth decay. In addition, many people benefit from these false teeth because they enhance the way a person looks not to mention improving speaking and chewing abilities. Once you have decided to have this procedure, the next step is to understand what the surgical procedure will offer to you and what you can expect.

What Is It?

Dental implants require more than one appointment with your dental care provider. You will work with a dental surgeon who will first determine if you have the right density and amount of jawbone to allow for the use of this process. If so, a titanium rod is then inserted into the jawbone. This will be the foundation or anchor for the new tooth. If there is not enough bone present, bone grafting may be necessary. This is necessary because the bone must be durable enough to handle the chewing action. Grafting can come from areas such as your hip.

The Surgery Itself

Once the dentist determines the proper method for inserting the rod, he or she will do so by first making a cut into the gum to expose the bone. Then, more than one hole is drilled into the bone where a cylinder will be placed. These functions as the tooth root would in natural teeth. The cylinder, which is often a titanium rod, is inserted deep into the bone structure. Then, you will be given a temporary denture to hold the place for several weeks while the gum and bone heals.

It is necessary for the dentist to wait for the bone growth to occur. This can take from two months up to six months. Once this is done, then the surgeon will need to perform a second procedure in which the implant is put into place on top of the rod. This is a much less invasive procedure. Once the implant is in place, the gum tissue is closed over.

Getting Your Teeth

Your dentist will work with you to select the right tooth for this implant. You may be able to select a removable implant or one that is permanently in place. This depends on your needs.

Overall, getting dental implants can be a very effective way to improve your smile and to restore … More

There is a very strong and direct connection between your diet and your dental health. Like other parts of your body, your teeth also need some essential vitamins and minerals to function properly. It is a known fact that the nutrients that maintain your bones and body muscles are also responsible for maintaining your teeth and gums. Therefore, you need to eat a well balanced diet which contains lots of fresh fruits and vegetables. And if you think consumption of Vitamin supplements in place of natural food is good enough; you are absolutely wrong! Browse through online dental health information and you will find that there is no substitution to nutritional diet.

Health experts suggest that a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle should be maintained right from the stage of pregnancy, continued through the stage of breastfeeding and finally extending up to childhood & maternity stage. This is due to the fact that the amount of sugar and chewy & sticky food you intake from your initial days finally determines the quality of your dental health.

So what all do you need to add in your diet to prevent tooth decay and ensure good oral hygiene? Well to start with make a habit of consuming foods like:

1) Green leafy vegetables that is rich in Vitamin A and Vitamin B complex. Lack of these can cause bleeding gums, overgrown gums and other gums diseases.

2) Dark green vegetables, whole cereals and whole grain breads which are rich in Vitamin B complex. These prevent cracking & bleeding of lips between sores & lesions in the mouth.

3) Fresh fruits and vegetables which are rich in Vitamin C. These promote healthy gum tissue.

The most beneficial and nutritional food that helps your teeth and gums remain healthy are, yogurt and milk. Both of these have high amount of calcium and are less acidic. This factor helps building teeth and bones. You can also consume green tea which reduces plaques and cavities as it contains fluoride as well as polyphones. Cheese is an excellent source of Calcium and Phosphate. It helps in balancing the pH level in your mouth. This in turn builds tooth enamel, produces saliva and kills bacteria. Information on dental health will also emphasize on the inclusion of the following foods in your daily diet:

1) Magnesium and Zinc rich foods like fish, poultry and lean meat. These help … More

Are Your Teeth Groovy?

We are not asking for the sake of that 70’s something, or to have you act out your best Saturday Night Fever pose, groovy teeth are not cool! When teeth form, they do not all form alike, they come in different shapes, sizes, shades and have surfaces that can be more prone to decay than others.

ALL TEETH ARE NOT CREATED EQUAL!

Some people’s teeth (especially their back teeth, a.k.a. molars) can have grooves, pits, fissures, and crevices on the chewing surfaces. These groove-like crevices on the biting surfaces can collect stain. If stain can get down to the base of the fissure, so can bacteria.

The American Dental Association has a picture of a cross-section of a tooth showing the base of a fissure and the width of it. It shows it under magnification. A single, yes just one, toothbrush fiber is also shown. The single bristle is larger than the groove. It clearly can not reach the bottom of the crevice. The base of the crevice is not cleansable, therefore, it is more likely to decay.

Cavity causing bacteria can reach the base of the fissure.

Plaque loves to get it’s groove on!

This is the #1 place children get cavities.

This is where Sealants are the best thing to happen to dentistry since the discovery of novacaine and dental sealants require NO NOVACAINE!

Now, that is a good reason to dance on over to your local Dentist’s office.

Dental sealants are applied to the chewing surfaces, filling the pits and fissures of the teeth. A sealant acts as a barrier. It protects the teeth from plaque and it’s acid by-products.

It is applied in a dental office to a clean, dry tooth. It flows into the crevice and is cured (hardened) with a special light. 3 easy steps that can prevent a lifetime of tooth problems!

The sealed tooth is easier to keep clean!

A dental sealant does not mean that a tooth will never get a cavity, but it does give the tooth a better chance of not getting a cavity. So if you want to start singing we suggest singing the tune “Staying Alive” because teeth that stay alive are cool and so are dental sealants!

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Apart from its cosmetic impact, dental health also holds much relevance for general health. The lack of oral health has been implicated in some diseases like heart and respiratory diseases. On the other hand, it is also considered to be a symptom of certain diseases like diabetes and cancer. The average person presumes that brushing your teeth thoroughly once or twice in a day is more than enough to keep your teeth white and shining. But if your teeth are to last your lifetime, you need to take much better care of them.

Daily Dental Care

Some very simple steps will help to keep your teeth and gums in good conditions. Other than brushing your teeth, flossing is equally important. This helps to get rid of food particles that may be lodged in narrow places between your teeth. The simplest way to keep your teeth clean is to rinse your mouth with water after having a meal or even a snack. Better still, rinse it with a mouthwash which will not only eliminate any bad breath but also prevent the growth of any bacteria.

The Right Toothbrush

Even the choice of your toothbrush can have a detrimental effect on your dental health. One should always pick a brush that is not too wide with bristles that have rounded ends. It should reach the back of your mouth easily and clean the molars. This is one part of the mouth that often gets neglected. Moreover, change your toothbrush every three months. If you have any gum disease, then it is better to change the toothbrush every month.

Dental Visits

Most of us get concerned about our dental health, only when we have a toothache or if we notice any yellowing of the teeth. However, a toothache or any other dental problem does not develop overnight. Taking care of your teeth is an ongoing process and regular check-ups and cleaning at the dentist will prevent any long term problems. Dental procedures can prove very expensive, so preventive care would fall much cheaper in the long run.

Another reason why we avoid a visit to the dentist is that that it could be a painful experience. Neverheless, if the problem increases it is going to be more painful than the actual visit. Beside, these days dentists use local anesthesia and numbing gels to prevent any kind of discomfort to the patient.

Preventive CareMore

While most people carry around a certain level of medical insurance, not everyone has dental insurance. Those who need to get dental insurance, can easily do so in a number of ways. This guide has been designed to help those in need find the right dental insurance plan. Look now so that you can be on your way to the dentist.

You should first decide whether you need an individual plan or a family plan. If you have small children it is important that you take the right steps to keep their teeth healthy. Those who do not have children or a family to support will save some money when they just buy a plan for themselves.

You should find out how much you can afford to pay for dental insurance each month. Many people who get dental insurance do not realize how much it can cost. The cost will depend on the amount of coverage that you get as well as other determining factors. You should always be honest about pre-existing teeth issues that you have. Some companies may charge more, but it will always be a lot easier for you when you are signing up to just let them know about any toothaches or pain you might currently have. This is usually what drives people to find dental insurance.

Before you start shopping for a new plan, you should check with your current employer to see if you have coverage options. Some employers will offer medical as well as dental insurance to all employees. Of course you do need to work for that company for at least 90 days or more. Check and see, you will have the cost taken directly out of your check so you do not have to worry!

You should take a look at all of the major dental insurance companies in order to get the right plan. Each major company has its own coverage plans that will range from person to person. You should see which companies have the best ratings as well as the best prices before you get started.

Along with looking into the top coverage companies, you also need to get quotes. The quote process is vital if you wan to get dental coverage that you can afford. Once you have search through a few companies and received a few quotes, you can easily compare to make sure you get … More

Digital X-rays are a diagnostic tool necessary to aid the dentist is determining the health of hard tissue in the mouth. Dental x-rays are a useful tool to use in concert with a visual exam to prevent dental problems, maintain healthy gum tissue, and diagnosis any oral health issues including dental caries. There are two types of diagnostic x-rays that can be taken in a dental office. Intraoral x-rays are the most helpful in determining cavities and determining the health of the root and surrounding bone levels. With digital x-rays a sensor is placed in the mouth and the x-ray is taken with the image almost immediately being directed on a computer screen. Extraoral x-rays are performed with the x-ray scanning the outside of the area of ‚Äč‚Äčinterest. One of the most common types of extraoral digital x-rays available in a general dentist's office would be the panoramic x-ray. The purpose of this type of x-ray is to focus on the development of the teeth and bone in the jaw, determine the position and existence of third molars, and help in diagnosis and treatment of TMJ (temporomandibular joint) issues.

Many benefits exist for the patient in having digital x-rays taken in the dental office instead of conventional film based x-rays. As mentioned earlier, the ability to produce the dental image seconds after the x-ray is taken for faster treatment and diagnosis of dental issues. This technology is particularly beneficial during endodontic treatment when multiple x-rays may be taken to determine the file and fill lengths during a root canal. In addition, the reduction of radiation exposure for the patient is a dramatic advantage. The digital x-ray image produced can be manipulated with dental software by using contrast techniques to aid in diagnosis of dental problems. The advent of digital x-rays also allows the process of transferring x-rays between offices to be faster and more efficient.

The need and frequency of digital x-rays for a patient is dependent on the health and clinical history of each individual. For new patients entering a dental practice, it is important for the dentist to determine a baseline from which to to compare changes in oral health as time progresses. This new patient set of x-rays may include a full mouth set of x-rays and / or a panoramic x-ray and 4 bitewing x-rays. This x-ray series will help to create a reference starting point … More

The need for well grown teeth that would compliment a beautiful face is now widely perceived to be attainable through the use of dental braces. This is the reason why many children and even young adults have dental braces. With these need, insurance companies have now included dental braces as one item in their coverage to help families with the ever rising cost of dental braces because of its growing demand.

If you have an insurance policy already, try to examine the coverage. There are insurances that would tend to cover partially dental care but not to include dental braces. On the other hand, if you are still looking for an insurance coverage, and would need to have dental braces coverage as one of the more important aspect of your family's coverage, you have to examine the offers of the various types of insurance offered by insurance companies.

It is better to personally visit the office of the insurance company you are planning to get your insurance and inquire from them all that you would want to know about your dental braces coverage concerns. You have to tell them your concern if how many children do you have that might need dental braces and ask them if what type of insurance would be the best for your need.

You can also utilize the internet if you have a connection in your home. Visit the websites of the various insurance companies and study their offerings. There are insurance companies who include dental braces as part of their insurance coverage to a particular type of insurance. You can also find supplementary insurance purposely for dental braces. There are several types and forms of dental brace insurance coverage you can choose from the different sites of insurance companies.

Supplementary insurance for dental braces will be reasonably if you already have an existing insurance in place and have several children that might need dental braces. Considering the cost of dental brace, there have been several instances that parents would find themselves emptying their pockets of hard earned money to pay for the cost of dental braces that their insurance only partially paid for. Or worse, they would find to their consernation that their dental care coverage does not cover dental braces at all. These situations would be pretty troublesome for parents who would be hard put in looking for money to pay for the … More

Did you know that more than 5% of emergency room visits in America every year are related to tooth pain? In addition tooth and gum infections have been linked to such serious diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and arterial plaque, the leading cause of stroke. Dental health means far more than just a great smile, it can affect your entire overall well being.

Another common misconception is that tooth loss is a natural part of aging, and that ending your days with a mouthful of dentures is unavoidable. That is far from the truth. With good, regular dental treatment, and practicing good dental hygiene on a daily basis there is no reason that you should ever lose teeth. They can easily last a lifetime.

Strangely enough many people will quite happily spend a fortune on taking care of themselves in the gym, working out; getting themselves in great physical condition, but then never visit a dentist for years at a time, not because they are scared of dentists but because they consider dentists visits an expensive luxury that is not necessary.

When stated in black and white, that thinking makes little rational sense, but many smart people do think that way every day, not considering how ellogical that behavior is. Why would you not take care of your teeth and gums before a major emergency arises, or a painful condition develops? After all, most people do not wait until they are filled by heart disease to change their diet and lifestyle habits to improve their heart health.

The big problem is that a large majority of Americans think that finding affordable dental insurance plans that actually offer a good amount of covered services and treatments are impossible to find. This is far from the case these days. There are a number of discount dental insurance plans that cover far more than a bi annual basic dental check up, and they are available for far less than you might imagine. With a little research, it is quite possible to find dental insurance plans that are both suited to your needs and your available finances.

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